This bibliography, the core of which was compiled by Caroline Mitchell in November 2013, is also a collective work in progress and will be updated periodically.  If you have something to add, please contact us.

AMARC‐WIN (2008) Gender Policy for Community Radio. AMARC‐WIN. Retrieved from

Andrews, M. (2012) Domesticating the Airwaves: Broadcasting, Domesticity and Femininity, Bloomsbury Academic

Andrews, M. and  McNamara, S. (eds) (2014) Femininity and Feminism: A Reader on Women and the Media since the 1900s London: Routledge, Research in Gender and History series

D’Arcy, M. (1996) Galway’s Pirate Women, a Global trawl. Galway: Women’s Press.

Baade C. (2007) BBC between factory and home. Music while you work and women listeners at the wartime BBC, Feminist Media Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2007.

Badenoch, A.W. (2007). Time consuming: women’s radio and the reconstruction of national narratives in western Germany 1945-1948. German history, 25(1), 46-71.

Baker, Jeannine. (2017). “Woman to Woman: Australian Feminists’ Embrace of Radio Broadcasting, 1930s–1950s. Australian Feminist Studies 32 (93): 292–308.

———. (2018). ‘Once a Typist Always a typist’The Australian Women’s Broadcasting Co-Operative and the Sexual Division of Labor at the Australian Broadcasting Commission. Feminist Media Histories 4 (4): 160–84.

———. (2019). Australian Women Working in British Broadcasting in the 1930s and 1940s. Feminist Media Histories 5 (3): 140–67.

Beccarelli, Marine. 2020. Croyez-Moi, Mesdames, N’abusez Pas Du Micro… : Per Una Storia Delle Voci Femminili Alla Radio Francese. Genesis : Rivista Della Società Italiana Delle Storiche 19 (2): 137–55.

Bredin, M. (1991) Feminist Cultural Politics: Woman in Community Radio in Canada. Resources for Feminist Research 20, 1-2, 36-41.

BBC (1973) Limitations to the Recruitment and Advancement of Women in the BBC,

Report to Board of Management BM (73) 31. BBC.

Carter, S. (2004) A Mic of her own: Stations, Collectives and Women’s Access to Radio, Journal of Radio Studies Vol. 11, No 2

Clinefelter, J. (2020) Can You Spare 5 Minutes? Cold War Women’s Radio on RIAS Berlin  Resonance (2020) 1 (3): 279–297.

Cramer, J. A. (1993) A Woman’s Place is on the Air. In P. Creedon (ed.), Women in Mass Communications (2nd Edition) London: Sage: pp. 154-166.

Creative Skillset (2011) Tuning out:  Women in the UK Radio Industry, A Skillset report for Sound Women

Ehrick, C. (2009) Savage Dissonance: Gender, Voice and Women’s Radio Speech, in D. Suisman, and S. Strasser (eds), Sound in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 69-94.

– (2015) Radio and the Gendered Soundscape: Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930-1950 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Engstrom, E. (2010): Alternative Feminist Media on the Airwaves: Radio and Women’s Music, Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 17:1, 18-32.

Feldman, S. (2000) Twin Peaks: The staying power of BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour. In Mitchell, C. (ed.) Women and Radio: Airing Differences London: Routledge: pp.64-73.

Feldman, S. 2007 Desperate Housewives 60 years of BBC radio’s Woman’s Hour Westminster University, London.

Ford, A. (2013) How to get more older women on TV, The Guardian, Saturday 18 May 2013 Accessed 21 May 2013.

Franks, S. (2011) Attitudes to women in the BBC in the 1970s – Not so much a glass ceiling as one of reinforced concrete, Westminster Papers volume 8 Issue 3.

Gallagher, M. (1995) An unfinished story. Gender patterns in Media employment. Paris: UNESCO.

Ganzert, C. F. (2003): All-Women’s Radio: WHER-AM in Memphis, Journal of Radio Studies, 10:1, 80-92.

Gill, R.  (1993) Justifying Injustice: Broadcasters’ Accounts of Inequality in a Radio Station. In E. Burman and I .Parker (eds.), Discourse Analytic research: Readings and Repertoires of Texts in Action. London: Routledge: pp.75-93.

Halper, D. L. (2001) Invisible Stars: A Social History of Women in American Broadcasting, New York: M. W. Sharpe,

Hilmes, M. (1997) Radio Voices: American Broadcasting, 1922-1952, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Hilmes M. (2007) Front Line Family: ‘Women’s culture’ comes to the BBC, Media Culture and Society, 2007 29: 5

Jallov, B. (1983) Women on the Air – Women in CR in Europe (Now online at

—-(1992) Women on the air-community radio as a tool for feminist messages. In N. Jankowski, O. Prehn and J. Stappers (eds.), The People’s Voice: Local radio and TV in Europe. London: John Libbey: pp.215-224.

—- (1996) Women´s Voices crossing frontiers: European Directory of Women´s community radio stations and women´s radio production collectives, Sheffield: AMARC Europe.

—- (2009) Stories of community radio in East Africa: Powerful Change, MAZI 18 newsletter Communication for Social ChangeConsortium

—-. (2012) “EMPOWERMENT RADIO– Voices building a community”,
Published by EMPOWERHOUSE (

—-. (2015) “If you can’t dance to it… Women’s use of community radio between resistance, liberation and celebration” A presentation at the Women’s Panel, Day 1 of the AMARC 11 conference, Accra, Ghana August 10-14, 2015

Jeffrey R.M.(2004) Radio ´Magic´: Women, Culture and Community Access Broadcasting. PhD thesis University of Canterbury 2004

Johnson, L.(1988) The Unseen Voice: A Cultural Study of early Australian Radio. London: Routledge.

Karpf, A. (1980) Women and Radio. In H. Baehr,(ed) Women and Media, London: Pergamon Press: pp.41-54.

—- (2007) The Human Voice –The story of a Remarkable Talent, London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Lacey, K. (1996) Feminine Frequencies. Gender, German Radio and the Public Sphere, 1923-1945. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

—-. (2004) Continuities and Change in Women’s Radio, in A. Crisell,. More than a Music Box-Radio cultures and communities in a multi-media world.. New York, Oxford, Berghahn Books.

Lacey, Kate and Michele Hilmes, eds. (2015) “Women and Soundwork” Special Issue of Feminist Media Histories 1.4 : 126-142.

Loviglio, J. (2007) Sound Effects: Gender, voice and the cultural work of NPR, The Radio Journal-International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media 5: 2&3, pp67-81.

Luscombe, A. (2013) Forty Years of Radio News, Frankfurt am Man: Peter Lang

– (2014)  Eleanor Roosevelt as “Ordinary” Citizen and “Expert” on Radio in the Early 1950s Sage Open 

—-(2020). Eleanor Roosevelt and Radio in Early Cold War France. Women’s History Review 29 (2): 215–30.

Mazzarella, S.R.; Hains, R. C. and Thiel-Stern, S.(2013): Girlhoods in the Golden Age of U.S. Radio: Music, Shared Popular Culture, and Memory, Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 20:1, 117-133.

McCracken, Alison (2002) Scary Women and Scarred Men. Suspense, Gender Trouble, and Postwar Change, 1942-50 in Hilmes, Michele and Loviglio, Jason (eds.): Radio Reader. Essays in the cultural history of radio, Routledge, New York and London: pp. 183-207.

McGann, N. (2007) Women in Irish Community Radio in R. Day (ed) Bicycle Highway: Celebrating Community Radio in Ireland, Dublin: The Liffey Press.

McKay, A. (1988) Speaking up: voice amplification and women’s struggle for public expression. In Kramarae. C. (ed.) Technology and women’s voices. London: Routledge, Kegan Paul :  pp.187-206.(also in Mitchell 2000)

Michaels, K. and Mitchell.C. (2000) The last Bastion: how women become music presenters in UK radio. In Mitchell, C. (ed.) Women and Radio: Airing Differences London: Routledge: pp.238-249

Minic, D. (2008) What Makes An Issue A Woman’s Hour Issue? Feminist Media Studies, 8:3, 301-315

Mitchell, C. (2000) (ed.) Women and Radio: Airing Differences London: Routledge

—- (2000) Sisters are doing it…From Fem FM to Viva! A History of Contemporary Women’s Radio Stations in the UK. In Mitchell, C. (ed.) Women and Radio: Airing Differences London: Routledge: pp.94-110.

—- (2002), On Air, Off Air : defining  Woman’s Radio Space  in European Women’s Community Radio. In Jankowski, N. and Prehn, O. Community Electronic Media in the Information Age: Perspectives, Findings and Policy, New Jersey: Hampton Press: 85-105.

—-. (2004) Dangerously feminine? Theory and Praxis of Women’s Alternative Radio in Ross, K. and Byerley C. (2004) Women and Media: International perspectives, Blackwells.

—-. (2011) Voicing the Community׃ Participation and change in Black and Minority Ethnic Local UK Radio. In Rosalind Brunt and Rinella Cere (eds.) Post Colonial Media Culture in Britain, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

—-. (2014) ‘Histories and Practices of Women and Radio’ in Martin Conboy and Dr John Steel (eds) Routledge Companion to British Media History.

—-. (2015) Re-Sounding Feminist Radio: A Journey Through Women’s Community Radio Archives. In Lacey, Kate and Michele Hilmes, eds. “Women and Soundwork” Special Issue of Feminist Media Histories 1.4 : 126-142.

Mitchell C. and Baxter A. (2006) Organic Radio: The role of social partnerships in creating community voices. In P.M. Lewis, and S. Jones (eds) From the Margins to the Cutting Edge Community Media and Empowerment. Cresskill, New Jersey: Hampton Press.

Moores, S. (1988) The Box on the Dresser: Memories of Early Radio and Everyday life, Media, Culture and Society, Vol. 10, No1, pp. 23-49.

Murphy, K. (2011) On an equal footing with men? Women and work at the BBC 1923-1939, doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths College, University of London.  Goldsmiths Research Online.

———. 2016. Behind the Wireless: A History of Early Women at the BBC. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

———. 2020. ‘Brightening Their Leisure Hours’? The Experiment of BBC Women’s Hour, 1923–1925. Women’s History Review 29 (2): 183–96.

Murray, J. (1996) The Woman’s Hour. London: BBC Books.

Nye, S., Godwin, N. and Hollows, B. (1994) Twisting the Dials: Lesbians on British Radio. In L. Gibbs, (ed) Daring to Dissent-Lesbian Culture from Margin to Mainstream. London : Cassell : pp. 147-167. (also in Mitchell 2000)

Perez Martines, J.E. (2015) Airing the Differences: An Approach to the Role of Women in the Spanish Free Radio Movement (1976–2014). In V. Schafer,  and B.G. Thierry,  (eds) Connecting Women: Women, Gender and ICT in Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century, Springer: pp. 47-60.

Riaño, P. (ed) (1994) Women in grassroots communication, furthering social change. London: Sage.

Robertson, Emma. (2020). Gendering Transnational Radio: Women Listeners and the BBC Empire and Overseas Services, 1932–1967. Women’s History Review 29 (2): 197–214.

Schafer, V and Thierry, B. (eds)   (2015) Connecting Women: Women, Gender and ICT in Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century, Springer.

Skillset (2011) Tuning out: Women in the UK Radio Industry, a Skillset report for Sound Women, London: Skillset.

Skoog, K., (2009) Focus on the Housewife: The BBC and the Post-war Woman, 1945-1955. University of Westminster Networking Knowledge: Journal of the MeCCSA Postgraduate Network, Vol 2, No 1 (2009)

—- (2011) An Interview with Maria Di Cenzo, Westminster Papers PAPERS Vol 8 Issue 3 London:

Skoog, Kristin & Badenoch, A.W.  (2016). Networking Women: The International Association of Women in Radio and Television, in J. Medhurst, S. Nicholas and T. O’Malley (eds), Broadcasting in the UK and US in the 1950s: Historical Perspectives, Cambridge Scholars Press, pp. 189-218

—- (2020) Women and Radio: Sounding out New Paths in Women’s History. Women’s History Review 29 (2): 177–82.

Simms, M. (1985) Women in BBC Management, London: BBC

Steiner, L. (1992) The History and Structure of Woman’s Alternative Media. In L. F.  Rakow, ed.) Women Making Meaning, New Feminist Directions in Communication. London: Routledge: pp.121-143.

Stuart, S. and Bery, R. (1996) Powerful grass-roots women communicators: participatory video in Bangledesh. In J. Servaes, et al (eds.), Participatory Communication for Social Change, London: Sage: pp.197-212.

Suárez Toro, M. (1996) Feminist International Radio Endeavour. In D. Allen., R. Rush and S Kaufman (eds.) Women Transforming Communications, Global Intersections. London: Sage: pp. 226-232.

Thompson, Margaret E., Katerina Anfossi Gómez & María Suárez Toro (2005): Women’s Alternative Internet Radio and Feminist Interactive Communications, Feminist Media Studies, 5:2, 215-236

 Wang, Jennifer Hyland (2018) Producing a Radio Housewife: Clara, Lu ‘n’ Em, Gendered Labor, and the Early Days of Radio 

Werden, F. (1996) The founding of WINGS- a story of feminist radio survival. In D. Allen., R. Rush and S Kaufman (eds.) Women Transforming Communications, Global Intersections. London: Sage: pp. 218-225.

3 responses to “Bibliography

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